What are the developmental milestones for babies under 1 year old?

It is crucial for parents to understand developmental milestones for babies. The first year of an infant’s life is a remarkable journey of growth and discovery. As a parent in Singapore, it’s important to understand the key developmental milestones your child may reach during this time. 

These milestones provide valuable insight into your baby’s overall health and development, helping you nurture your child during these important early stages of life.

Physical development

Physical Development for Babies

Motor Skills: During the first few months, babies will gradually gain control of the muscles in their head and neck. By 6 months, many babies can roll, sit up with support, and begin to grasp objects with their hands. By the age of 1, they can stand up on their own and even take their first toddler steps.

Sensory skills: Your baby’s senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell are developing rapidly. They will begin to visually follow moving objects, respond to familiar voices, and become interested in exploring different textures and tastes.

Cognitive development

Cognitive development

Object permanence: Around 6 to 9 months, babies begin to understand that objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight. This new awareness lays the foundation for more complex thinking and problem-solving skills.

Cause and Effect: Babies learn cause and effect by interacting with their environment. They may begin to realize that shaking a rattle makes a sound or dropping a toy causes it to fall to the ground.

Communication and language development

Baby start talking

Cooing and babbling: Your baby will start cooing in the first few months, gradually transitioning to babbling with a combination of consonants and vowels. That’s how they practice communication skills.

Responding to sound: Babies under 1 year old often turn their heads to familiar sounds, voices, and their own names. They can also respond to simple commands, such as “wave bye-bye”.

Social and emotional development

Attachments: Right from birth, babies form close bonds with their primary caregivers. They will show signs of attachment, such as seeking comfort when upset or smiling at familiar faces.

Expression of emotions: Newborns begin to express a variety of emotions, from joy and excitement to frustration and distress. They often look to their caregivers for reassurance and look for emotional clues.

Stranger Anxiety: Around 7 to 9 months of age, many babies begin to get nervous around strangers and wary of strangers. This is a sign of their growing awareness of their surroundings.


Understanding the developmental milestones of infants under 1 year of age is essential for Singaporean parents, as it provides insight into an infant’s growth and progress. While these milestones provide general guidance, remember that each baby develops at his or her own pace. If you have any concerns about your child’s development, do not hesitate to consult medical professionals or specialists who can provide advice tailored to your unique needs. your child. Cherish these precious moments of discovery and growth, as they lay the foundation for your child’s future growth. 


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